Quite stripped of a certain warmth.
I watched him get stripped of the puck a few times.
Most of the houses were unroofed, and trees torn down, or stripped of their branches.
Stripped of its wings, fittings and covering, the Vickers airplane was to be used as a tractor for towing sledges.
Consider the following stripped of all opinion: Government says we should expect a 9% increase in electricity bills.
As they withdraw, they leave those inherited bodies more and more stripped of their resources and energy, certainly.
Men who thought of themselves as powerful came to me stripped of their routine status and its burdensome accessories.
Maybe they will may get a stripped down Sense 3.
The base price is often for a stripped down model.
They also will have a stripped down pension if any.
Consider using of stripped down XML parser which only pe4rforms essential parsing.
Though he had two of the Grogs with him onstage, they delivered a very stripped down set.
A safe option would be a stripped down beta (featureless, barely usable) to put the core OS and gestures to test.